To ensure a thorough inspection, the area must be cleared of all marine growth. This can be done by various means, depending on surface support. A high-pressure water jet is the most effective method for clearing marine growth sufficiently for visual inspection. Hand tools, such as wire brushes and scrapers are sufficient for smaller jobs.

Figure 3-19. Bending overloading of steel pile. Note: Crushing is usually the result of impact, leading to localized distortions; however, maximum bending moment is at die cap and/or below the mudline, depending on the support conditions and distribution of corrosion.

Concrete cap

Buckling due to compression overloading

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