Appendixes

A - List of Manufacturers/Suppliers A-l

B - Reference Information for UCT Personnel B-l

C - Useful Information for Site Surveys C-l

D - Electrical Safety for Divers D-l

E - NO A A Bathymétrie Map Products E-l

1-1 Naval Ocean Facilities Program 1-2

1-2 Project planning arrow diagram 1-9

1 -3 Construction Gantt chart schedule 1-10

1-4 Material takeoff and pack-out list 1-16

2-1 Shaded area slows viscosity range recommended for hydraulic tools 2-6

2-2 Commercial light-duty hand drill 2-7

2-3 Commercial heavy-duty hand drill 2-8

2-4 Commercial sinker drill 2-8

2-5 Operate oil-hydraulic tools at the viscosity range 2-10

2-6 Skid-mounted seawater power source 2-12

2-7 Rotary disk tool being used to clean split pipe 2-13

2-8 Rotary impact tool with drill chuck adaptor 2-13

2-9 Bandsaw being used to cut steel cable 2-14

2-10 2.5-kVA ground fault detector 2-15

2-11 Underwater electric field detector 2-11

2-12 Underwater version of the Ranset stud driver currently approved for Navy use 2-12

2-13 Underwater wood cutting chain saw, Stanley Model CS-11 2-19

2-14 Hydraulic band saw 2-20

2-15 Hydraulic pile cutter for severing wood piles up to 13 inches in diameter .. 2-20

2-16 BP&CL magnetometer in diver mode 2-21

2-17 BP&CL magnetometer in dipping model 2-21

2-18 BP&CL electronics housing 2-22

2-19 Reactionless high-pressure waterjet 2-24

2-20 "Barnacle Buster" tool 2-24

2-2 la High-pressure waterjet cleaning nozzle 2-25

2-21bNFESC waterjet cleaning power source 2-25

2-22 Noncavitating high-pressure waterjet without retrofit 2-25

2-23 Underwater oxygen-arc cutting electrodes 2-28

2-24 Underwater oxygen-arc electrode designs 2-29

2-25 BROCO exothermic cutting torch 2-31

2-26 Open-bottom lift bag 2-34

2-27 Closed-bottom lift bags 2-35

2-28 CANFLEX salvage lift bag 2-36

2-29 Pontoon lift bag 2-36

2-30 Pumpkin floats 2-36

2-31 Method for tying pumpkin float to cables 2-37

2-32 Diver lift system - bags available in thee sizes: up to 500,

2-33 Fantail rigging for ship motion compensator 2-39

2-34 Excavation by solids handling pump 2-41

2-35 Sample air lift pumping mud. Pipe will buck at start and if inlet is plugged, diver requires communication with surface 2-43

2-36 Jetting nozzle 2-44

2-37 Underwater suction dredge and gold (eductor) dredge arrangements 2-46

2-38 How Primadet, with ECT, cuts through steel "H" piles 2-52

2-39 Explosive excavation techniques 2-52

2-40 Small drag embedment anchors ~ less than 200-pound weight 2-55

2-41 Use of a kellet to improve anchoring 2-57

2-42 Use of multiple anchors to improve anchoring 2-58

2-43 Deadweight anchors 2-58

2-44 Direct embedment anchors 2-60

2-45 Simple fabricated plate anchor 2-61

2-46 MiniRoverR MKII system components 2-63

2-47 Phantom DHD2 vehicle system's primary components 2-62

2-48 Beach and surf zone configuration 2-66

2-49 Shallow water configuration 2-67

2-50 Deep water configuration 2-68

2-51 Example of a visual search pattern shown in an expanding box where "a" is a distance picked with regard to visibility (camera only search) or range of sonar. Tracking monitor is also shown 2-71

2-52 Recovery line clip in vehicle jaw 2-73

2-53 Deployment of under-ice cable span 2-74

2-54 Typical concrete pump 2-77

2-55 Steps for placing prepacked concrete into form 2-82

2-56 Diver-operated epoxy grout dispenser 2-87

3-1 Basic configuration of piers and wharves 3-3

3-2 Single-deck, open pier 3-3

3-3 Double-deck pier 3-4

3-4 Solid fill pier 3-4

3-5 Floating pier 3-5

3-6 Examples of steel, wood, and concrete piling 3-6

3-7 Types of wharves and quaywalls 3-8

3-8 Mooring dolphins 3-9

3-9 Precast concrete armor units used in jetty breakwaters and groins 3-10

3-10 Groins 3-10

3-11 Exposure zones on piling 3-15

3-12 Standard pile inspection report form 3-16

3-13 Explanation of pile condition ratings for concrete piles 3-18

3-14 Explanation of pile condition ratings for timber piles 3-19

3-15 Corrosion of steel in various zones on waterfront structures 3-20

3-16 Corrosion of steel H-pile 3-20

3-17 Corrosion of steel sheet piles 3-21

3-18 Location of fatigue cracks in offshore platform 3-22

3-19 Bending overloading of steel pile 3-23

3-20 Overloading of steel pile 3-23

3-21 Foundation loss around steel piles 3-24

3-22 Do a cathodic protection system check using a portable voltmeter and portable reference electrode 3-25

3-23 Underwater volt meter 3-25

3-24 Underwater ultrasonic thickness indicator 3-25

3-25 Electromagnetic yoke 3-29

3-26 Two-conductor power cable with braided external ground and neoprene jacket 3-29

3-27 Ground fault interrupter 3-30

3-28 Magnetic field indicator 3-30

3-29 Riser free-swing fleet mooring 3-31

3-30 Nonriser free-swinging fleet mooring 3-31

3-31 Typical spread mooring 3-32

3-32 Commonly used mooring buoys 3-32

3-33 Fleet mooring hardware components 3-33

3-34 Fleet mooring anchors 3-34

3-35 Drag embedment anchors 3-34

3-36 Fleet mooring ground leg options 3-35

3-37 Propellant-embedment anchor 3-36

3-38 Pile driven plate anchor 3-37

3-39 Locations for taking chain-link measurements 3-37

3-40 Standard mooring inspection report form 3-39

3-41 "Go-no-go" gauges 3-43

3-42 Cathodic protection system potentials 3-47

3-43 Concrete deterioration 3-49

3-44 Examples of damage resulting from corrosion of reinforcement 3-49

3-45 Freeze/thaw deterioration 3-51

3-46 Internal freezing of jetted-in concrete pile 3-51

3-47 Abrasion of concrete pile 3-51

3-48 Overloading of concrete pile during pile driving 3-52

3-49 Underwater rebar locator system 3-55

3-50 Underwater rebound hammer system 3-56

3-51 H-Meter calibration chart 3-57

3-52 Underwater ultrasonic test system 3-59

3-53 Director transducer holder 3-60

3-54 Indirect transducer holder 3-61

3-55 Rot of timber pile , 3-62

3-56 Shipworm (Teredo) damage of timber pile 3-63

3-57 Three groups of marine borers 3-64

3-58 Compression overloading of timber pile 3-65

3-59 Bending overloading of timber pile 3-65

3-60 Timber pile hardware failure 3-66

3-61 Abrasion of timber pile 3-67

3-62 Ice heave of timber pile 3-67

3-63 Timber pile inspection tools 3-69

3-64 Precast concrete elements 3-71

3-65 Seawall construction 3-72

3-66 Typical breakwater section 3-73

3-67 Typical rubble-mound structures 3-73

3-68 Graving drydock general arrangement 3-76

3-69 Drydock caisson general arrangement and seal location 3-76

3-70 Plan view of drydock seat and caisson seal interface 3-77

3-71 Typical caisson wood seal assembly 3-80

3-72 Steel-reinforced, all-rubber caisson seal assembly 3-80

4-1 Reconnaissance survey 4-5

4-3 Example of line naming convention 4-6

4-4 Example of line name convention 4-7

4-5 Fathometer footprint 4-8

4-6 Example of layout for conducting survey using triangulation with transits and theodolites 4-10

4-7 Theodolite 4-17

4-8 Automated hydrographie positioning system 4-17

4-9 Automatic level 4-17

4-10 View of target through telescope 4-17

4-11 Sighting offshore objects 4-18

4-12 Mini-Ranger III system 4-19

4-13 Mini-Ranger III tracking system 4-20

4-14 UCS diver navigation system 4-21

4-15 Fathometer 4-22

4-16 Geotechnical diver tool 4-24

4-17 Cable route survey using diver navigation system 4-26

4-18 Brass identification tags 4-27

4-19 Typical bathymétrie survey map 4-29

4-20 Typical bathymétrie survey route profile 4-30

4-21 Typical geophysical survey route profile 4-30

5-1 Typical communication cables common to UCT operations 5-4

5-2 Typical fiber optic cables common to UCT operations 5-7

5-3 Diver-held cable tracking probe 5-9

5-4a Null technique for tracking with the diver probe 5-10

5-4b Estimating the buried depth of cables 5-10

5-5 Submersible cable injector can be used either on land or underwater 5-11

5-6 Cable termination inspection guide 5-14

5-7 On-site patches and clamps used in conjunction with various materials

5-8 Dimensions for using Table 5-6 5-24

5-9 Examples of commercially available pipe repair clamps 5-25

5-10 Examples of where pipeline patches and clamps might be used

5-11 The WACHS Trav-L-Cutter is a portable milling machine 5-28

5-12 Examples of commercial pipe couplings for joining steel, cast iron, and concrete pipes up to 73 inches in diameter 5-29

5-13 Example of pipeline repair using concrete casing 5-30

5-14 Example of flexible pipe and couplings 5-32

5-15 Recovery of mooring leg 5-34

5-16 Mooring leg chain stopper 5-34

5-17 Fiberglass rigid form concrete encasement of steel pile 5-44

5-18 Pile "wraps" are used on steel H-pile 5-53

5-19 Pressure grouting of steel sheet pile wall 5-61

5-20 Coating/cathodic protection of steel sheet pile wall 5-71

5-21 Epoxy grouting of concrete pile 5-80

5-22 Bracing posted piles 5-98

5-23 Cathodic protection systems 5-109

5-24 Fabric bags/filter fabric scour protection 5-111

6-1 Range pole configuration for cable landing 6-2

6-2 Arrangement for loading cables on a barge from storage reel 6-4

6-3 Harness arrangement and knots to secure float balloons 6-5

6-4 Arrangement for hauling cable ashore using a winch 6-5

6-5 Beach hauling equipment 6-6

6-6 Dimensions of LARC V and LARC XV 6-8

6-7 OCEI Pengo puller-tensioner winch 6-9

6-8 Typical deck layout for cable landings 6-9

6-9 Split-pipe protection system 6-10

6-10 Beach configuration for shore-applied, split-pipe installation 6-12

6-11 Equipment for underrunning vessel technique of applying split-pipe 6-12

6-12 Pin anchor fasteners 6-14

6-13 U-rod configuration 6-14

6-14 U-bolt drill jig 6-15

6-15 Split-pipe installation using rockbolts, using either titanium bolts (shown on the right) or steel bolts with an anode 6-16

6-16 Pressure losses in a pipeline 6-21

6-17 Typical forces on a submarine pipeline 6-22

6-18 Submarine pipeline installation procedures 6-23

6-19 Bottom tow installation procedure for long distance pipelines 6-25

6-20 Integrated pullhead and pipeline receiver design 6-26

6-21 BLPS pull-head bottom-laid pipeline 6-26

6-22 Reel boat installation procedure 6-28

6-23 Reel boat - typical deck layout 6-29

6-24 Directionally drilled pipeline installation 6-30

6-25 Pipe bundle 6-39

6-26 Common mechanical joints used for submarine pipelines 6-40

6-27 Pipeline stabilization equipment 6-45

6-28 Type II sensor assembly 6-48

6-29 Type III sensor assembly 6-49

6-30 Type IV sensor assembly 6-51

6-31 Type IV sensor cable configuration 6-52

6-32 OPDS SALM before deployment 6-55

6-33 Offshore petroleum discharge system 6-55

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