London And New York

First published 2003 by Spon Press

11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Spon Press

29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001

This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2003.

Spon Press is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group © 2003 Paul C. Etter

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

The pubisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested

ISBN 0-203-41765-8 Master e-book ISBN

ISBN 0-203-41910-3 (Adobe eReader Format) ISBN 0-419-26220-2 (Print Edition)

To my wife Alice and my sons Gregory and Andrew

Preface xv

Preface to the second edition xvii

Preface to the first edition xix

Acknowledgments xxi

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Background 1

1.1.1 Setting 1

1.1.2 Framework 2

1.2 Measurements and prediction 4

1.3 Developments in modeling 6

1.4 Advances in simulation 9

1.5 Operational challenges 10

1.5.1 Naval operations 11

1.5.2 Offshore industries 13

1.5.3 Operational oceanography 14

1.6 Inverse acoustic sensing of the oceans 15

1.7 Standard definitions 17

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