1. Webster's Encyclopedic unabridged Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Gramercy Books, 1989.

2. Brubakk AO. What we do know, what we don't know? Decompression Illness. First European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine European Committee for Hyperbaric Medicine 1994, University of Lille, France.

3. Marroni A. Decompression Illness, Final Report. First European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine European Committee for Hyperbaric Medicine 1994, University of Lille: 28.

4. Marroni A. (Clinical Indications) Decompression Illness- Final Report. In: Oriani G, Marroni A, Wattel F, eds. Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. New York: SpringerVerlag, 1996: 96.

5. Triger M. Letter to Monsieur Arago. Comptes rendus de l'academie des sciences 1845;20:445-449.

6. PoI M, Wattelle M. Memoire Sur Les Effets De La Compression De L'Air Applique Au Creusement Des Puits A Houille. Ann. D'Hygiene Publique Et De Medicine Legale 1854;Second Series(1):241.

7. Moir EW. Tunnelling by compressed air. Journal of the Society of Arts 1896(44):567.

8. Bert P. Barometric pressure. Researches in experimental physiology. Bethesda: Undersea Medical Society, 1878.

9. Boycott AE, Damant GCC. Experiments on the influence of fatness on susceptibility to caisson disease. J Hyg 1908;8:445-456.

10. Report on decompression illness, diving fatalities and project dive exploration (based on 2000 data). Durham, N.C, USA: Divers Alert Network, 2002.

11. Germonpre P, Dendale P, Unger P, Balestra C. Patent foramen ovale and decompression sickness in sports divers. J Appl Physiol 1998;84(5):1622-6.

12. Spencer MP, Johanson DC. Investigation of new principles for human decompression schedules using the Doppler ultrasonic blood bubble detector. Seattle: Inst. Environ Med and Physiol, 1974.

13. Daniels S, Bowser-Riley F, Vlachonikolis IG. The relationship between gas bubbles and symptoms of decompression sickness. In: In Brubakk AO HB, Sundnes G.(eds), ed. Supersaturation and bubble formation in fluids and organisms. Trondheim: Tapir Publishers, 1989: 387.

14. Marroni A. Clinical Aspects of Decompression Disorders. In: Bakker DJ, Cramer FS, eds. Hyperbaric Surgery - Perioperative Care. Flagstaff, AZ: Best Publishing Co, 2002: 177-206.

15. Nishi RY. Doppler evaluation of decompression tables. In: Lin YC, Shida KK, eds. Man in the Sea. San Pedro: Best, 1990: 297-316.

16. Nishi RY. Doppler and ultrasonic bubble detection. In: Bennett PB, Elliott DH, eds. The physiology and medicine of diving. 4 ed. London: Saunders, 1993: 433-453.

17. Wisloff U, Richardson RS, Brubakk AO. Exercise and nitric oxide prevent bubble formation: a novel approach to the prevention of decompression sickness? J Physiol 2004;555(Pt 3):825-9.

18. Broome JR. Aspects of neurological decompression illness: a view from Bethesda. J R Nav Med Serv 1995;81(2):120-6.

19. Broome JR, Dutka AJ, McNamee GA. Exercise conditioning reduces the risk of neurologic decompression illness in swine. Undersea Hyperb Med 1995;22(1):73-85.

20. Hjelde A, Bergh K, Brubakk AO, Iversen OJ. Complement activation in divers after repeated air/heliox dives and its possible relevance to DCS. J Appl Physiol 1995;78(3):1140-4.

21. Marroni A, Bennett PB, Cronje FJ, et al. A deep stop during decompression from 82 fsw (25 m) significantly reduces bubbles and fast tissue gas tensions. Undersea Hyperb Med 2004;31(2):233-43.

22. Marroni A, Bianchi P. Rilevazione di bolle gassose circolanti dopo immersione in aria compressa. Med Sub Ip 1980;6:27.

23. Marroni A, Cali-Corleo R, Balestra C, et al. Effects of the variation of ascent speed profile on the production of venous gas emboli and the incidence of DCI in compressed air diving. Proceedings of the XXVI Annual Scientific Meeting of the EUBS 2000, Malta.

24. Marroni A, Cali-Corleo R, Balestra C, Voellm E, Pieri M. Incidence of asymptomatic circulating venous gas emboli in unrestricted uneventful recreational diving DAN Europe's Project Safe Dive first results. Proceedings of the XXVI Annual Scientific Meeting of the EUBS 2000, Malta.

25. Vann RD. Exercise and circulation in the formation and growth of bubbles. In: Brubakk A, Hemmingsen BB, Sundnes G, eds. Supersaturation and bubble formation in fluids and organisms. Trondheim: Royal Norwegian Society, 1989b: 235-258.

26. Golding F, Griffiths PD, Hempleman HV. Decompression sickness during construction of the Dartford Tunnel. Br J Ind Med 1960;17:167-180.

27. Farmer JC, Thomas WG, Youngblood DG, Bennett PB. Inner ear decompression sickness. Laryngoscope 1976;86(9):1315-27.

28. Francis TJR. Describing Decompression Sickness. Fourty Second Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Workshop: Describing Decompression Sickness 1990, Institute of Naval Medicine Alverstoke, Gosport, Hampshire, UK: 6-14.

29. Francis TJR, Smith DJ, eds. Describing decompression illness. Bethesda: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, 1991.

30. Neuman TS, Bove AA. Combined arterial gas embolism and decompression sickness following no-stop dives. Undersea Biomed Res 1990;17(5):429-36.

31. Smith DJ, Francis TJR, Tehybridge RJ, Wright JM, Sykes JJW. An evaluation of the classification of decompression disorders. Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine. 1993;20(suppl):17.

32. Kemper GB, Stegman BJ, Pilmanis AA. Inconsistent classification and treatment of Type I / Type II decompression sickness. Av. Space Environ. Med. 1992;63:386.

33. Smith DJ, Francis TJR, Tehybridge RJ, Wright JM, Sykes JJW. Concordance: A problem with the current classification of diving disorders. Undersea Biomed Res 1992;19(suppl):40.

34. Bove AA. Nomenclature of pressure disorders. Undersea Hyperb Med 1997;24(1):1-2.

35. Kelleher PC, Pethybridge RJ, Francis TJ. Outcome of neurological decompression illness: development of a manifestation-based model. Aviat Space Environ Med 1996;67(7):654-8.

36. Kelleher PC, Francis TJR. INM diving accident database analysis of 225 cases of decompression illness. Alverstoke: Institute of Naval Medicine, 1994.

37. Broome JR, Pearson RR, Dutka AJ. Failure to prevent decompression illness in rats by pretreatment with a soluble complement receptor. Undersea Hyperb Med 1994;21(3):287-95.

38. Carturan D, Boussuges A, Burnet H, Fondarai J, Vanuxem P, Gardette B. Circulating venous bubbles in recreational diving: relationships with age, weight, maximal oxygen uptake and body fat percentage. Int J Sports Med 1999;20(6):410-4.

39. Bennett MH, Doolette DJ, Heffernan N. Ocular tear film bubble counts after recreational compressed air diving. Undersea Hyperb Med 2001;28(1):1-7.

40. Saary MJ, Gray GW. A review of the relationship between patent foramen ovale and type II decompression sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med2001;72(12):1113-20.

41. Smith RM, Neuman TS. Elevation of serum creatine kinase in divers with arterial gas embolization. N Engl J Med 1994;330(1):19-24.

42. Smith RM, Van Hoesen KB, Neuman TS. Arterial gas embolism and hemoconcentration. JEmergMed 1994;12(2):147-53.

43. Wilmshurst P, Allen C, Parish T. Incidence of decompression illness in amateur scuba divers. Health Trends 1994;26(4):116-8.

44. Waligora JM, Horrigan DJ, Conkin J. The effect of extended O2 pre-breathing on altitude decompression sickness and venous gas bubbles. Av. Space Environ. Med. 1987;58(9, Sect. II):A10-A112.

45. Smith-Silvertsen J. The origin of intravascular bubbles produced by decompression of rats killed prior to hyperbaric exposure. In: Lambertsen CJ, ed. Underwater Physiology V. Bethesda: FASEB, 1976: 303-309.

46. Leitch DR, Green RD. Pulmonary barotrauma in divers and the treatment of cerebral arterial gas embolism. Aviat Space Environ Med 1986;57(10 Pt 1):931-8.

47. Malhotra MS, Wright HC. The effects of a raised intrapulmonary pressure on the lungs in fresh unchilled cadavers. J Path Bact 1961;82:198-202.

48. Benton PJ, Woodfine JD, Westwood PR. Arterial gas embolism following a 1-meter ascent during helicopter escape training: a case report. Aviat Space Environ Med 1996;67(1):63-4.

49. Harker CP, Neuman TS, Olson LK, Jacoby I, Santos A. The roentgenographic findings associated with air embolism in sport scuba divers. J Emerg Med 1993;11:443-449.

50. Hallenbeck JM, Obrenovitch T, Kumaroo K, Thompson C, Leitch DR. Several new aspects of bubble-induced central nervous system injury. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1984;304(1118):177-84.

51. Warren BA, Philp RB, Inwood MJ. The ultrastructural morphology of air embolism: platelet adhesion to the interface and endothelial damage. Br J Exp Pathol 1973;54(2):163-72.

52. Eckenhoff RG, Hughes JS. Hematologic and hemostatic changes with repetitive air diving. Aviat Space Environ Med 1984;55(7):592-7.

53. Hills BA. Mechanical vs. ischemic mechanisms for decompression sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 1979;50(4):363-7.

54. Levin LL, Stewart GJ, Lynch PR, Bove AA. Blood and blood vessel wall changes induced by decompression sickness in dogs. J Appl Physiol 1981;50(5):944-9.

55. Balestra C, Germonpre P, Marroni A. Intrathoracic pressure changes after Valsalva strain and other maneuvers: implications for divers with patent foramen ovale. Undersea Hyperb Med 1998;25(3):171-4.

56. Boussuges A, Blanc P, Molenat F, Bergmann E, Sainty JM. Haemoconcentration in neurological decompression illness. Int J Sports Med 1996;17(5):351-5.

57. Boussuges A, Succo E, Juhan-Vague I, Sainty JM. Activation of coagulation in decompression illness. Aviat Space Environ Med 1998;69(2):129-32.

58. Wagemann W. [Barotrauma and diseases of divers]. Z Laryngol Rhinol Otol 1966;45(6):379-83.

59. Lehto VP, Kantola I, Tervo T, Laitinen LA. Ruthenium red staining of blood-bubble interface in acute decompression sickness in rat. Undersea Biomed Res 1981 ;8(2): 10111.

60. Lehto VP, Laitinen LA. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the blood-bubble interface in decompressed rats. Aviat Space Environ Med 1979;50(8):803-7.

61. Philp RB, Inwood MJ, Warren BA. Interactions between gas bubbles and components of the blood: implications in decompression sickness. Aerosp Med 1972;43(9):946-53.

62. Philp RB. A review of blood changes associated with compression-decompression: relationship to decompression sickness. Undersea Biomed Res 1974;1(2):117-50.

63. Martin KJ, Nichols G. Observations on platelet changes in man after simulated diving. Aerosp Med. 1972;43:827-830.

64. Philp RB, Bennett PB, Andersen JC, et al. Effects of aspirin and dipyridamole on platelet function, hematology, and blood chemistry of saturation divers. Undersea Biomed Res 1979;6(2):127-46.

65. Philp RB, Gowdey CW. Platelets as an etiological factor in experimental decompression sickness. J Occup Med 1969;11(5):257-8.

66. Ersson A, Linder C, Ohlsson K, Ekholm A. Cytokine response after acute hyperbaric exposure in the rat. Undersea Hyperb Med 1998;25(4):217-21.

67. Stransky A, Szereda-Przestaszewska M, Widdicombe JG. The effects of lung reflexes on laryngeal resistance and motoneurone discharge. J Physiol 1973;231:417-438.

68. Molvaer OI, Natrud E. Ear damage due to diving. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl 1979;360:187-9.

69. Cogar WB. Intravenous lidocaine as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of decompression illness. Ann EmergMed 1997;29(2):284-6.

70. Kitano M, Hayashi K. Acute decompression sickness. Acta Pathol. Jap. 1981;31:269-276.

71. Hills BA, James PB. Microbubble damage to the blood-brain barrier: relevance to decompression sickness. Undersea Biomed Res 1991;18(2):111-6.

72. Francis TJ, Pearson RR, Robertson AG, Hodgson M, Dutka AJ, Flynn ET. Central nervous system decompression sickness: latency of 1070 human cases. Undersea Biomed Res 1988;15(6):403-17.

73. Francis TJ, Pezeshkpour GH, Dutka A J. Arterial gas embolism as a pathophysiologic mechanism for spinal cord decompression sickness. Undersea Biomed Res 1989;16(6):439-51.

74. Neuman TS. Arterial gas embolism and decompression sickness. News Physiol Sci 2002;17:77-81.

75. Neuman TS, Bove AA. Severe refractory decompressionsickness resulting from combined no-decompression dives and pulmonary barotrauma: type III decompression sickness. 9th International Symposium on Underwater and Hyperbaric Physiology, edited by, p. 1987, Bethesda, MD.

76. Neuman TS, Hallenbeck JM. Barotraumatic cerebral air embolism and the mental status examination: a report of four cases. Ann Emerg Med 1987;16(2):220-3.

77. Batson O. The function of the vertebral veins and their role in the spread of metastases. Ann Surg 1940;112:138-149.

78. Hallenbeck JM. Cinephotomicrography of dog spinal vessels during cord-damaging decompression sickness. Neurology 1976;26(2):190-9.

79. Hallenbeck JM, Bove AA, Elliott DH. Mechanisms underlying spinal cord damage in decompression sickness. Neurology 1975;25(4):308-16.

80. Hallenbeck JM, Elliott DH, Bove AA. Decompression sickness studies in the dog. In: Lambertsen CJ, ed. Underwater Physiology V. Bethesda: Fed Am Soc Exp Biol, 1975.

81. Hughes JT. Venous infarction of the spinal cord. Neurology 1971;21(8):794-800.

82. Francis TJ, Dutka AJ, Flynn ET. Experimental determination of latency, severity, and outcome in CNS decompression sickness. Undersea Biomed Res 1988;15(6):419-27.

83. Francis TJR. The pathophysiology of decompression sickness. In: Bennett PB, Moon RE, eds. Diving accident management: UHMS, 1990: 38-56.

84. Francis TJ, Griffin JL, Homer LD, Pezeshkpour GH, Dutka AJ, Flynn ET. Bubble-induced dysfunction in acute spinal cord decompression sickness. J Appl Physiol 1990;68(4):1368-75.

85. Hills BA, James PB. Spinal decompression sickness: mechanical studies and a model. Undersea Biomed Res 1982;9(3):185-201.

86. Francis TJ, Pezeshkpour GH, Dutka AJ, Hallenbeck JM, Flynn ET. Is there a role for the autochthonous bubble in the pathogenesis of spinal cord decompression sickness? J NeuropatholExp Neurol 1988;47(4):475-87.

87. Calder IM. The pathology of spinal cord DCS. Describing decompression illness 1990, Institute for Naval Medicine, Alverstoke, Gosport, Hampshire, UK: 29-45.

88. Linaweaver # PG, Greer HD. Paralysis in divers: the natural history of decompression sickness. The Thirtieth Undersea Medical Society Workshop: Rehabilitation of the paralyzed diver 1984, Point Clear, Alabama: 7-23.

89. Prevention of Dysbaric Injuries in Diving and Compressed Air Work. Sixth European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine 2003, Geneva.

90. Palanzo DA, Kurusz M, Butler BD. Surface tension effects of heparin coating on arterial line filters. Perfusion 1990;5(4):277-84.

91. Pearson RR, Goad RF. Delayed cerebral edema complicating cerebral arterial gas embolism: case histories. Undersea Biomed Res 1982;9(4):283-96.

92. Edmonds C, Lowry C, Pennefather J. The ear and diving. In: Edmonds C, Lowry C, Pennefather J, eds. Diving and subaquatic medicine. 3rd ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heineman, 1992: 362-374.

93. Hills BA. The biophysical basis of prevention and treatment. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 1977.

94. Landolt JP, Money KE, Topliff ED, Nicholas AD, Laufer J, Johnson WH. Pathophysiology of inner ear dysfunction in the squirrel monkey in rapid decompression. J Appl Physiol 1980;49(6):1070-82.

95. Venter RD, Ward CA, Ho S, Johnson WR, Fraser WD, Landolt JP. Fracture studies on a mammalian semicircular canal. Undersea Biomed Res 1983;10(3):225-40.

96. Money KE, Buckingham IP, Calder IM, et al. Damage to the middle ear and the inner ear in underwater divers. Undersea Biomed Res 1985;12(1):77-84.

97. Walsted A, Andreassen UK, Berthelsen PG, Olesen A. Hearing loss after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2000;257:124-127.

98. Buttolph TB, Dick EJ, Jr., Toner CB, et al. Cutaneous lesions in swine after decompression: histopathology and ultrastructure. Undersea Hyperb Med 1998;25(2):115-21.

99. Lambertsen CJ. Relations of isobaric gas counterdiffusion and decompression gas lesion diseases. In: Vann RD, ed. The physiological basis of decompression. 38 ed. Bethesda: UHMS, 1989: 87-106.

100. Lambertsen CJ, Indicula J. A new gas lesion in man, induced by "isobaric gas counterdiffusion". J ApplPhysiol 1975;39:434-443.

101. Woodward C. A history of the St. Louis Bridge. St. Louis: GI Jones, 1881.

102. Dovenbarger J. Recreational scuba injuries. J Fla Med Assoc 1992;79(9):616-9.

103. Sowden LM, Kindwall EP, Francis TJ. The distribution of limb pain in decompression sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 1996;67(1):74-80.

104. Walder D. 43rd UHMS Workshop: What is Bends 1990, Shimizu, Japan: 58-62.

105. Dey A, Sarma UC, Dave PK. Effect of high tibial osteotomy on upper tibial venous drainage: study by intraosseous phlebography in primary osteoarthritis of knee joint. Ann Rheum Dis 1989;48:188-193.

106. Gregg PJ, Walder DN. Caisson disease of bone. Clin Orthop 1986(210):43-54.

107. Golding FC, Griffiths P, Hempleman HV, Paton WDM, Walder DN. Decompression sickness during construction of the Dartford tunnel. Br. J. Ind. Med. 1960;17:167-180.

108. Marroni A. La saturazione terapeutica in aria per la terapia dei casi gravi e refrattari di MDD. Med.Sub.Ip.(Min.Med) 1980;6:19.

109. Marroni A. The critical care of patients involved in severe diving accidents. International Symposium on Hyperbaric Oxygen in Critical Care Medicine 1985, Eilat, Israel.

110. Marroni A. Critical care and HBO treatment at depth of a saturation diving traumatic injury. Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine:Proceedings of the XII Congress of the EUBS 1986, Rotterdam.

111. Marroni A. Some observations on 548 cases of sport diving decompression sickness treated in Italy in the last seven years. Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: Proceedings of the XIII Congress of the EUBS 1987, Palermo.

112. Marroni A. Recreational Diving today, risk evaluation and problem management. Proceedings of the XXth Annual Meeting of the EUBS 1994, Istanbul: 121.

113. Marroni A. La plongée moderne de loisir; la gestion des accidents de décompression. Le protocole d'intervention del l'International Divers Alert Network. Bull Medsubhyp 1994;4(2):41.

114. Marroni A. Patologia Da Decompressione. Una valutazione alla luce delle più recenti acquisizioni. Proceedings of the International Symposium "Update on Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy", 1995, Fidenza, Italy: 195.

115. Marroni A. Recreational Diving Safety. In: Elliott DH, ed. Medical Assessment of Fitness to Dive. Ewell, England: Biomedical Seminars, 1995: 41.

116. Marroni A. The Divers Alert Network in Europe: Risk Evaluation and Problem Management in a European Recreational Divers Population (The Divers Alert Network: Epidemiology of Diving Accidents). In: Oriani G, Marroni A, Wattel F, eds. Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. ISBN 3-540-75016-9 ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1996.

117. Marroni A. New Frontiers: Use of Combined Hyperbaric Oxygenation and In-Water Rehabilitation for Neurological Conditions due to Stroke and to Spinal Decompression Sickness. In: Oriani G, Marroni A, Wattel F, eds. Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1996: 809.

118. Marroni A. Acute management of Decompression Accidents in normal and remote locations. Proceedings of the XXVI Annual Scientific Meeting of the EUBS 2000, Malta: 127.

119. Marroni A, Cali-Corleo R, Fontaneto C. DAN Europe Diving Incident Report 1996. Proceedings of the 25th EUBS Annual Meeting 1999, Israel.

120. Marroni A, Catalucci G. Alcune considerazioni su 209 casi di MDD trattati nei centri iperbarici italiani nel 1978 e 1979. Med.Sub.Ip.(Min.Med.) 1981;1):55.

121. Marroni A, Catalucci G. Alcune considerazioni su 169 casi di malattia da decompressione trattati nei centri iperbarici italiani nel biennio 1980-1981. Med.Sublp.(MinMed.) 1983;3):9.

122. Marroni A, Lo Pardo D, Helzel V, Guarino U. Neurological Decompression Sickness treated with early recompression, HBO and under-water rehabilitation with oxygen underwater breathing apparatus. Proceedings of the tenth International Congress on Hyperbaric Medicine 1992, Amsterdam: 84.

123. Marroni A, Zannini D. Effetti della variazione della velocità di risalita sulla produzione di bolle gassose circolanti dopo immersione ad aria compressa. Med.Sub.Ip.(Min.Med.) 1981;1:83.

124. Mukoyama M, Iida M, Sobue I. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for peripheral nerve damage induced in rabbits with clioquinol. Exp Neurol 1975;47(3):371-80.

125. Yarbrough OD, Behnke AR. The treatment of compressed-air illness utilizing oxygen. J. Ind. Hyg. Tox. 1939;21:213-218.

126. United States Navy Diving Manual. Revision 1. Washington, DC: United States Department of the Navy, 1985.

127. Behnke A. Decompression sickness following exposure to high pressures. Decompression Sickness. Philadelphia: Sanders, 1951: 53-89.

128. Leitch DR, Green RD. Additional pressurization for treating non responding cases of serious air decompression sickness. Av. Space Environ. Med. 1985;56:1139.

129. Leitch DR, Greenbaum LJ, Jr., Hallenbeck JM. Cerebral arterial air embolism: IV. Failure to recover with treatment, and secondary deterioration. Undersea BiomedRes 1984;11(3):265-74.

130. Leitch DR, Greenbaum LJ, Jr., Hallenbeck JM. Cerebral arterial air embolism: III. Cerebral blood flow after decompression from various pressure treatments. Undersea Biomed Res 1984;11(3):249-63.

131. First European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine. ECHM. 1994, University of Lille. Lille.

132. Treatment of Decompression Accidents in Recreational Diving. Second European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine 1996, Conseil Général des Bouches-du-Rhone, Marseilles.

133. Davis JC. Treatment of serious decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism. UMS Workshop #20 1979.

134. Lutz J, Herrmann G. Perfluorochemicals as a treatment of decompression sickness in rats. Pflugers Arch 1984;401(2):174-7.

135. Adjunctive Therapy for Decompression Illness (DCI): Summary of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Guidelines. Bethesda: UHMS, 2002.

136. Bennett M, Mitchell S, Dominguez A. Adjunctive treatment of decompression illness with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (tenoxicam) reduces compression requirement. Undersea Hyperb Med2003;30(3):195-205.

137. Mach DB, Rogers SD, Sabino MC, et al. Origins of skeletal pain: sensory and sympathetic innervation of the mouse femur. Neuroscience 2002;113):155-166.

0 0

Post a comment