Compartment syndrome

Compartment syndrome is defined as "a condition in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the circulation and function of the tissues within that space"2. It is most commonly seen after crush injuries of the limbs, but may also occur in abdominal trauma. It typically follows traumatic injury, but is also seen after ischemic reperfusion injuries, burns and prolonged limb compression due to poor positioning of the limb, as in toxic coma. Surgical interventions as bone nailing may increase oedema formation and devascularisation, leading to compartment syndrome.

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