Collect And Analyze Data

Information pertinent to the mission objective shall be collected, organized, and analyzed to determine what may affect successful accomplishment of the objective. This process aids in:

Figure 6-4. Underwater Construction Diving.

Planning for contingencies Developing the dive plan

Selecting diving technique, equipment, and diver personnel

Identifying potential hazards and the need for any special emergency procedures

6-5.1 Information Gathering. The size of the operation, the diving site location, and the prevailing environmental conditions influence the extent and type of information that must be gathered when planning an operation. Some operations are of a recurring nature, so much of the required information is readily available. An example of a recurring operation is removing a propeller from a particular class of ship. However, even for a standard operation, the ship may have been modified or special environmental conditions may exist, requiring a change in procedure or special tools. Potential changes in task requirements affecting work procedures should not be overlooked during planning.

6-5.2 Planning Data. Many operations require that detailed information be collected in advance. For example, when planning to salvage a sunken or stranded vessel, the diving team needs to know the construction of the ship, the type and location of cargo, the type and location of fuel, the cause of the sinking or stranding, and the nature and degree of damage sustained. Such information can be obtained from ship's plans, cargo manifests and loading plans, interviews with witnesses and survivors, photographs, and official reports of similar accidents.

6-5.2.1 Object Recovery. Operations involving the recovery of an object from the bottom require knowledge of the dimensions and weight of the object. Other useful information includes floodable volume, established lifting points, construction material, length of time on the bottom, probable degree of embedment in mud or silt, and the nature and extent of damage. This data helps determine the type of lift to be used (e.g., boom, floating crane, lifting bags, pontoons), indicates whether high-pressure hoses are needed to jet away mud or silt, and helps determine the disposition of the object after it is brought to the surface. Preliminary planning may find the object too heavy to be placed on the deck of the support ship, indicating the need for a barge and heavy lifting equipment.

6-5.2.2 Searching for Objects or Underwater Sites. When the operation involves searching for an object or underwater site, data gathered in advance helps to limit the search area. There are numerous planning data sources available to help supervisors collect data for the operation (see Figure 6-5). For example, information useful in narrowing the search area for a lost aircraft includes the aircraft's last known heading, altitude, and speed.; radar tracks plotted by ships and shore stations; tape recordings and radio transmissions; and eyewitness accounts. Once a general area is outlined, a side scan sonar system can be used to locate the debris field, and an ROV can identify target items located by the side scan sonar. Once the object of the search has been found, the site should be marked, preferably with an acoustic transponder (pinger) and/or a buoy. If time and conditions permit,

Digital Cameras For Beginners

Digital Cameras For Beginners

Although we usually tend to think of the digital camera as the best thing since sliced bread, there are both pros and cons with its use. Nothing is available on the market that does not have both a good and a bad side, but the key is to weigh the good against the bad in order to come up with the best of both worlds.

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