Notes

1. Based on one dive section per field troop.

2. The optimum number of divers to execute a task is six. Within a field section, this will leave one driver and one crew commander with the section vehicle during a dive task.

3. Dive stores section, held with the CER Support Squadron, consisting of one supervisor and one diver provides the capability to support a dive task. Additional divers may be assigned to dive stores depending on unit requirements.

Figure 1-1: Combat Divers in a CER

COMBAT DIVERS IN THE ESR

NOTES

1. Based on one dive section per field troop, with one other dive team being formed as a composite team from other elements in the ESR. It is shown in Resources Troop for ease of illustration.

2. Dive sections within the ESR will be expected to conduct dive tasks that require longer periods at depth and of longer duration. An eight-person section provides greater flexibility and manpower for these tasks.

3. Dive stores, with one supervisor and one diver, provide the capability to conduct task reconnaissance and support dive tasks. Additional divers may be assigned to dive stores depending on unit requirements.

4. With the change in organization of the ESR, with some elements going to the ESU, the organization may change. Diving capabilities within the ESU are not confirmed at the time of publication.

Figure 1-2: Combat Divers in the ESR

13. A combat dive team with its stores and equipment has the ability to be self-sufficient for a limited range of tasks. For more sustained, technical, or difficult tasks the dive team will have to rendezvous with the dive stores for the additional equipment. Dive teams work with the field squadron or field troop and their supported manoeuvre unit. They rarely work independently.

14. Characteristics. The characteristics of a combat dive team are:

a. Flexibility. Combat divers can apply a wide range of engineering skills, resulting in a flexible and adaptable capability.

b. Mobility. Combat dive teams have limited mobility while conducting their tasks. They must enter the water relatively close to the task site and they cannot cross large bodies of water without boats. Based on a field section, the dive team has the same ground mobility as the rest of the Engineer unit.

c. Reliance on Equipment. Combat dive teams rely heavily on their equipment and breathing apparatus. Even surface swim operations will require the use of bulky personal issued equipment3 (suits, masks, etc.).

d. Vulnerability. Combat divers are vulnerable to unique environmental and operational hazards, which are further detailed in Chapter 2. They are vulnerable to direct and indirect fire as well as explosions transmitted through the water. They are affected by air and water temperature. Water depth could limit the length of time they can work on a particular task. Individual and collective training proficiency in combat diving skills will help to

3 There are very few water areas in which a suit is not required to protect the diver from hypothermia.

counter some of these vulnerabilities, but some physiological ones cannot be changed.

15. Key Personnel. The key dive personnel within either of the engineer units and their responsibilities are as follows:

a. Unit Dive Officer. A qualified combat diving officer, usually holding the rank of major, is responsible to the CO for the administration and technical proficiency of the unit divers. He will advise the CO on technical aspects of combat diving tasks to support the formation, when required. Working through the unit operations officer and training officer, he will ensure adequate training is carried out. On operations, his role is limited to providing advice as required by the CO; he will rarely deploy to dive sites. The CO and OC of the field squadrons will provide advice to their manoeuvre commanders on the employment of divers.

b. Liaison Diving Officer. A combat diving qualified officer in the rank of captain/lieutenant is usually found in the RHQ or a field squadron HQ. This officer has the responsibility of understudying and assisting the unit dive officer in his tasks. He/she may be tasked to run a multi-team dive task. He/she may provide advice on the employment of divers to a squadron OC, as required.

c. Dive Stores Section Commander. A Sgt or MCpl, qualified as a combat diver supervisor, assists in the administration and training of unit divers and the maintenance of diving equipment and stores. He/she is available to assist in the planning of dive tasks if it is beyond the ability of the tasked dive section. He/she is responsible for the provision of the required dive equipment to the dive team.

d. Dive Storeman. A Cpl, qualified combat diver, is responsible to the dive stores section commander to maintain dive stores and equipment and assist in delivering them to the dive team.

e. Diving Section Commander. The dive team leader, Sgt or MCpl, qualified as a combat diver supervisor, is responsible for actual detailed task planning and execution. He/she will be tasked through the chain of command and will be working for the field troop commander.

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