Where: Volume is constant

P1 = initial pressure (absolute)

P2 = final pressure (absolute)

T1 = initial temperature (absolute)

T2 = final temperature (absolute)

Sample Problem 1. An open diving bell of 24 cubic feet capacity is lowered into the ocean to a depth of 99 fsw. The surface temperature is 80°F, and the temperature at depth is 45°F. From the sample problem illustrating Boyle's law, we know that the volume of the gas was compressed to 6 cubic feet when the bell was lowered to 99 fsw. Apply Charles'/Gay-Lussac's law to determine the volume when it is effected by temperature.

1. Convert Fahrenheit temperatures to absolute temperatures (Rankine):

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